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Haralds son King Svend I started raiding England soon after his accession in , culminating in a full-scale invasion in 1013 when Svend succeeded in imposing himself as de facto ruler of the country.
Svends son King Knud I defeated and killed the English king Edmund Ironsides and established himself as king of England in 1016.
Considerable doubt persists about the precise relationships between the 9th century Danish rulers.
Regino records the marriage in 882 of "Gisla filia Hlotharii" and "rex Godofridus Nordmannorum", she was the daughter of Duke Godefrid & his wife Gisela [Carolingian], which is presumably a guess based on this description in the Vita Mathildis. Regino records the marriage in 882 of "Gisla filia Hlotharii" and "rex Godofridus Nordmannorum".
If this couple's daughter was the mother of Queen Mathilde, the latter's estimated birth date (see below) would need to be pushed forward by several years, which makes the chronology for her known descendants tight.
Adam of Bremen names "Sigafrid et Anuleo, nepotes Godafridi" when recording that they fought to succeed after the death of King Hemming as the son of King Harald, but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.
However, Einhard's Annales record that "Anulo nepos Herioldi quondam regis" was one of the claimants to the throne in 812Described as brother of Kings Harald and Reginfred, Hemming must have been captured by Emperor Charlemagne as Einhard's Annales record that "Harioldus et Reginfredus reges Danorum" sent envoys to Emperor Charlemagne in 812 asking for the release of "fratrum suum Hemmingum"The Annales Fuldenses record that "Nordmanni" exacted tribute in "Walchram insulam", where "Eggihardum eiusdem loci comitem et Hemmingum Halbdani filium" were killed "837 XV Kal Iul" and "Dorestadum" was devastated [Ali] (-killed in battle Haithabu 812).
Einhard's Annales name "fratres Hemmingi, Hancwin et Angandeo, Osfred cognomento Turdimulo, et Warstein, et Suomi, et Urm, et alius Osfrid filius Heiligen, et Osfred de Sconsowe et Hebbi et Aowin" as the Danish signatories of the peace agreed with the Franks in 811. Einhard's Annales record that news of the death of "Hemmingus Danorum rex" arrived in 812, that "Sigifridus nepos Godofredi regis et Anulo nepos Herioldi quondam regis" both claimed the succession, and that the faction supporting "Anulonis" was victorious, with "fratres eius Herioldum et Reginfredum" being installed as kings The Annales Fuldenses record the death in 812 of "Hemmingo Danorum rege", the succession dispute between "Sigifredo nepos Godofredi regis et Anulo nepos Herioldi", the battle in which both were killed but which Anulo's supporters won, and the accession of "Herioldum et Reginfredum fratres eius regis" [Sigfrid] (-killed in battle Summer 812).