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Although the city had minting rights for a few centuries this was only actively used during four periods: 1478–1480, 1582–1583, 1604–16–1692.The largest and oldest church of the city is the St.Walburgis (Saint Walpurga) church, which originally dates from the eleventh century.The present Gothic building contains monuments of the former counts of Zutphen, a fourteenth-century candelabrum, an elaborate copper font (1527), and a monument to the Van Heeckeren family (1700).Taken by the Spanish in 1587 by the treachery of the English commander Rowland York, Zutphen was recovered by Maurice, prince of Orange, in 1591, and except for two short periods, one in 1672 and the other during the French Revolutionary Wars, it has since then remained a part of the Netherlands. In World War II the town was bombed several times by the allied forces because the bridge over the IJssel was vital to support the German troops at Arnhem after the Operation Market Garden.After two weeks of battle the town was liberated on 14 April 1945. Nowadays Zutphen has one of the best preserved medieval town centres of North-Western Europe, including the remains of the medieval town wall and a few hundred buildings dating from the 13th, 14th and 15th century.
After the death of her father and her brother, Ermgard, the heiress of Zutphen married the count of Guelders; her son Henry I, Count of Guelders was the first to wear both titles.It also became part of the Hanseatic League, a group of towns with great wealth; this league was the economic centre in that part of Europe.