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Core techniques have been preserved in ancient Buddhist texts and have proliferated and diversified through teacher-student transmissions.Buddhists pursue meditation as part of the path toward Enlightenment and Nirvana.It aims to reach and to remain in the pure state of soul which is believed to be pure conscious, beyond any attachment or aversion.The practitioner strives to be just a knower-seer (Gyata-Drashta).The term "yoga" has been applied to a variety of practices and methods, including Jain and Buddhist practices.In Hinduism these include Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Karma Yoga, Laya Yoga and Hatha Yoga.[T]his dichotomization is too simplistic, for continuities can undoubtedly be found between renunciation and vedic Brahmanism, while elements from non-Brahmanical, Sramana traditions also played an important part in the formation of the renunciate ideal.Pre-philosophical speculations of yoga begin to emerge in the texts of c. Between 200 BCE–500 CE philosophical schools of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism were taking form and a coherent philosophical system of yoga began to emerge.
There are very many compound words containing yoga in Sanskrit.For the popular yoga that explains and emphasizes the physical practices or disciplines, see Hatha yoga. In Sanskrit, the word yoga comes from the root yuj which means "to add", "to join", "to unite", or "to attach" in its most common senses; as such.By figurative extension from the yoking or harnessing of oxen or horses (cf.the "union with the supreme" due to performance of duties in everyday life The ultimate goal of Yoga is moksha (liberation), although the exact definition of what form this takes depends on the philosophical or theological system with which it is conjugated.
According to Jacobsen, "Yoga has five principal meanings: White clarifies that the last principle relates to legendary goals of "yogi practice", different from practical goals of "yoga practice," as they are viewed in South Asian thought and practice since the beginning of the Common Era, in the various Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain philosophical schools.The term kriyāyoga has a grammatical sense, meaning "connection with a verb".